Observation of Temperature Profiles of Kototabang (Bukittinggi-West Sumatera Indonesia) Using Radiosonde and Rain Event Identification

Ina Junaeni and Ginaldi Ari Nugroho and S.A.Rahayu and Safrijon and Halimurrahman (2018) Observation of Temperature Profiles of Kototabang (Bukittinggi-West Sumatera Indonesia) Using Radiosonde and Rain Event Identification. 10P Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 166. pp. 1-11.

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Abstract

We recorded temperature profiles of Kototabang (West Sumatera- Indonesia) in a four days observation using Radio Acoustic Sounding System (RASS) and Radiosonde. The activity was carried out in August 2016, on a research cooperation framework of National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN), Indonesia and Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere (RISH), Kyoto University, Japan. The current article discussed the temperature profile based on 12 times launch of Radiosonde, Convective Available Potential Energy (CAPE) estimation and its relationship with rain events, while the temperature profile based on RASS was discussed in another report. CAPE is the amount of energy an air parcel would have if lifted to a certain distance vertically through the atmosphere. CAPE is effectively the positive buoyancy of an air parcel and is an indicator of atmospheric instability, related to convection clouds. If there is not enough water vapour present, there is no ability for condensation, and therefore, storms, clouds, and rain will not form. CAPE is calculated as the area of positive region in the thermodynamic diagram or through relationsbips with virtual temperature. On August 30, 2016, at 08 LT, the range of temperatures based on Radiosonde measurements was recorded from 294.9°K at ground level to 186.5° K at an altitude of 26.8 km. The temperature range varied with time. CAPE based on Radiosonde data ranged from 0 to 5075.2 Jkg-I within 30 August 2016 until 2 September 2016. The maximum CAPE value occurred on August 30, 2016 at 15.34 LT. Large CAPE (> 2000 Jkg-1) was coincident with rain events.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Sains Antariksa dan Atmosfer > Pengembangan Pengoperasian, dan Pemeliharaan Peralatan Pengamatan Antariksa dan Atmosfer
Divisions: Deputi Sains Antariksa Dan Atmosfer > Pusat Sains dan Teknologi Atmosfer
Depositing User: Sulisnaeni
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2021 05:32
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2021 05:32
URI: http://repositori.lapan.go.id/id/eprint/988

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